is an ancient district in east-central Anatolia, situated on the rugged plateau north of the Taurus Mountains, in the centre of present-day Turkey. The boundaries of the region have varied throughout history. Cappadocia’s landscape includes dramatic expanses of soft volcanic rock, shaped by erosion into towers, cones, valleys, and caves. Rock-cut churches and underground tunnel complexes from the Byzantine and Islamic eras are scattered throughout the countryside.
As one of the most distinctive cities in Turkey, Mardin has preserved well the cultural influences of various dynasties throughout the history of the country. The city’s historical buildings such as mosques, shrines, churches, monasteries and travellers’ inns reflect different religious beliefs and have high artistic value. The city hosts buildings which have been listed as world heritage sites. During your stay, remember to taste the delicious local cuisine and to buy some of the beautiful jewellery in the bazaars. Also during your trip, you can listen to some of the traditional songs about Mardin to enrich your experience.
Known as CLEOPATRA’S POOL, also known as Pamukkale Antique Pool, is a man-made pool said to have been a gift from Marc Anthony to Cleopatra. In the 7th century, a massive earthquake destroyed the Roman Temple to Apollo surrounding the pool, toppling the columns into the water, where they now remain for visitors to swim around.
Six miles from Urfa, an ancient city in southeastern Turkey, Klaus Schmidt has made one of the most startling archaeological discoveries of our time: massive carved stones about 11,000 years old, crafted and arranged by prehistoric people who had not yet developed metal tools or even pottery. The megaliths predate Stonehenge by some 6,000 years. The place is called Gobekli Tepe, and Schmidt, a German archaeologist who has been working here more than a decade, is convinced it's the site of the world's oldest temple.