Freedom of speech, of the press, of association, of assembly and petition -- this set of guarantees, protected by the First Amendment, comprises what we refer to as freedom of expression. The Supreme Court has written that this freedom is "the matrix, the indispensable condition of nearly every other form of freedom." After WW2, the Commission on Human Rights, chaired by former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, drafted the Universal Decleration of Human Rights. It was adopted on December 10, 1948 and is one of the most widely translated documents in the world. The Declaration calls for all governments and people to secure basic human rights and to take measures to ensure these rights are upheld, expecially the freedom of speech.